mutool create#

The create command creates a new PDF file with the contents created from one or more input files containing graphics commands.

mutool create [-o output.pdf] [-O options] page.txt [page2.txt ...]


Command line parameters within square brackets [] are optional.

[-o output.pdf]

The output filename. Defaults to “out.pdf” if not supplied.

[-O options]

The -O argument is a comma separated list of options for writing the PDF file:

  • decompress Decompress all streams (except compress-fonts/images).

  • compress Compress all streams.

  • compress-fonts Compress embedded fonts.

  • compress-images Compress images.

  • ascii ASCII hex encode binary streams.

  • pretty Pretty-print objects with indentation.

  • linearize Optimize for web browsers.

  • clean Pretty-print graphics commands in content streams.

  • sanitize Sanitize graphics commands in content streams.

  • incremental Write changes as incremental update.

  • continue-on-error Continue saving the document even if there is an error.

  • garbage Garbage collect unused objects.

    or garbage=compact … and compact cross reference table.

    or garbage=deduplicate … and remove duplicate objects.

  • decrypt Write unencrypted document.

  • encrypt=rc4-40|rc4-128|aes-128|aes-256 Write encrypted document.

  • permissions=NUMBER Document permissions to grant when encrypting.

  • user-password=PASSWORD Password required to read document.

  • owner-password=PASSWORD Password required to edit document.

  • regenerate-id Regenerate document id (default yes).


Page content stream with annotations for creating resources.

[page2.txt ...]

Define multiple page content streams as required.

Page content streams#

A page is created for each input file, with the contents of the file copied into the content stream. Special comments in the input files are parsed to define the page dimensions and font and image resources.

Example #1

Define an image:

%%MediaBox 0 0 500 800
%%Rotate 90
%%Image Im0 path/to/image.png

Example #2

Font resources can be created by either giving the name of a standard PDF font, or by giving the path to a font file. If a third argument is present and either “Greek” or “Cyrillic” the font will be encoded using ISO 8859-7 or KOI8-U, respectively:

%%Font Tm Times-Roman
%%Font TmG Times-Roman Greek
%%Font TmC Times-Roman Cyrillic
%%Font Fn0 path/to/font/file.ttf
%%Font Fn1 path/to/font/file.ttf Cyrillic

Example #3

CJK fonts can be created by passing a language tag for one of the 4 CID orderings: zh-Hant, zh-Hans, ja, or ko (Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese, Japanese, Korean). The CJK font will use the UTF-16 encoding. A font file will not be embedded, so a PDF viewer will use a substitute font:

%%CJKFont Batang ko
%%CJKFont Mincho ja
%%CJKFont Ming zh-Hant
%%CJKFont Song zh-Hans

Example #4

An example input file, which adds an image, a triangle and some text:

%%MediaBox 0 0 595 842
%%Font TmRm Times-Roman
%%Font Helv-C Helvetica Cyrillic
%%Font Helv-G Helvetica Greek
%%CJKFont Song zh-Hant
%%CJKFont Mincho ja
%%CJKFont Batang ko
%%Image I0 logo/mupdf-simplified-logo.png

% Draw an image.
480 0 0 480 50 250 cm
/I0 Do

% Draw a triangle.
1 0 0 rg
50 50 m
100 200 l
200 50 l

% Show some text.
0 0 1 rg
BT /TmRm 24 Tf 50 760 Td (Hello, world!) Tj ET
BT /Helv-C 24 Tf 50 730 Td <fac4d2c1d7d3d4d7d5cad4c521> Tj ET
BT /Helv-G 24 Tf 50 700 Td <eae1ebe7ecddf1e1> Tj ET
BT /Song 24 Tf 50 670 Td <4F60 597D> Tj ET
BT /Mincho 24 Tf 50 640 Td <3053 3093 306b 3061 306f> Tj ET
BT /Batang 24 Tf 50 610 Td <c548 b155 d558 c138 c694> Tj ET

This software is provided AS-IS with no warranty, either express or implied. This software is distributed under license and may not be copied, modified or distributed except as expressly authorized under the terms of that license. Refer to licensing information at or contact Artifex Software, Inc., 39 Mesa Street, Suite 108A, San Francisco, CA 94129, USA, for further information.

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